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Computer assembly

Installation is performed in this order: first, the processor, cooler, random access memory (RAM), motherboard, video card, power supply, hard drive and optical drive. Also consider the problems when you turn it on.

Processor Installation.

It is most convenient to start assembling the computer by installing the processor, cooler and memory modules on the motherboard, while it is not yet installed in the case. Of course, you can first put the motherboard in the case, and then put the processor. But in this case, it is unlikely to get a cooler without problems. Although Intel officially recommends doing the opposite, i.e. first install the motherboard, and then install the processor, cooler and memory. According to Intel, this sequence will avoid mechanical damage to the motherboard.
So, put the motherboard on the table (Fig. 1). Keep in mind that the underside of the motherboard contains many sharp pins. If you put the motherboard directly on polishing, then, no doubt, on the table, after assembly, there will be deep scratches. Place either the packaging material from the box in which it was sold under the motherboard, or the cardboard cover on the box, or you can put the motherboard on the box. This is not very convenient, but it is guaranteed to protect the table from scratches.

Raise the lever on the processor socket, the socket (socket) will open and will be ready to install the processor. The lever should be lifted vertically up to the stop, but do not make excessive efforts to reach the top point. A small effort may be needed only at the very beginning, at the lower point, because A special protrusion is made on the socket (socket) of the processor, which fixes the lever in the lower position (see. Fig. 4). To remove the lever from under the latch, it is better to tilt it slightly away from the socket, slightly lifting it up. The lever should come out easily.

Figures 2 and 3, for example, show two processors and sockets (3rd and 4th stumps). The corners in which there is no hole and output, respectively, are marked red on the socket and processor. To install the processor, these angles must be combined, as shown in the photo. This is the protection against incorrect positioning of the processor during installation. Align the corners, put the processor on the socket. Verify that the processor legs align with the socket holes. If everything is done correctly, then the processor should practically fall through its feet into the socket openings. If this does not happen, then check that the processor is correctly oriented and the socket is fully open (the lever is raised all the way up). Verify that the processor rests tightly on the socket and there are no gaps between them. After the processor is inserted, return the socket lever to its original position, i.e. down, until it clicks into place on the protrusion on the socket body (see Fig. 4, the latch is circled in red). The lever should go down with some effort, as legs of the processor at this moment are clamped in the socket. After the lever has come close to the latch, move it a little to the side (by a fraction of a millimeter), and then engage it by the latch. A properly installed processor in a closed socket is shown in Figure 4.

In no case do not turn on the computer without a cooler installed on the processor (despite the fact that the motherboard and other components are on the table, this can be done by connecting the power supply). At best, the computer will not turn on, and at worst, the processor and possibly the motherboard will fail. After the processor is installed in the socket, it’s time to apply thermal grease and install the cooler. If you purchased a boxed version of the processor, the cooler already has a thermal interface, factory, then install the cooler. If the cooler was purchased separately, you need thermal grease, it is sold in all computer stores, thermal grease should not be applied in a large layer, more details here.

Unfortunately, this article describes the installation of the old processor, I want to say from myself, any processor is installed in the socket in only one position! you can’t put it in the wrong way, just make sure that you really got into the socket. And in no case do not use force, bent legs are difficult to straighten !!!

Installation of a cooler.
Carefully install the cooler on the processor. Please note that on the cooler’s sole there is a wide recess across the entire width of the sole. This recess should be located above the socket protrusion, as shown in Figure 1. If you install the recess on the other side, the cooler will be skewed and there will be no contact between the crystal and the sole. This can lead to both chip processor and its failure due to thermal breakdown.

After you put the cooler on the crystal, be careful – do not tilt the cooler, do not remove, do not rotate and, moreover, do not put pressure on it. Careless manipulations with an unsecured cooler on a chip are fraught with chips and processor failure. Removing and installing the cooler on a paste spread on a crystal can cause areas that are not filled with paste, but containing air “cushions”.

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